Municipal trials on employment

In municipal trials on employment, municipalities in the pilot areas are partly responsible for the provision of TE services (employment and business services) in their area. The municipality of residence of each jobseeker is mainly responsible for the services of jobseekers in the municipal trial.

Provisions on the trial are laid down in the Act on municipal trials for the promotion of employment. The Act is fixed-term and valid until 30 June 2023.

The Regional State Administrative Agency for Western and Inland Finland supervises the trial of organising employment and business services nationally in all municipalities participating in the experiment.

Supervision of municipal trials

As a result of a complaint, the Regional State Administrative Agency may investigate whether the municipality of the pilot area has complied with the legislation in force. We also carry out risk-based supervision and supervision based on the control plan which may include inspection visits to municipalities.

In particular, we actively monitor that services are equally available to everyone and that private life protection and linguistic rights are followed.

With regard to municipal trials on employment, we supervise the legality of activities only in the municipalities involved in the trial. The oversight of the legality of TE Offices’ tasks is not the responsibility of the Regional State Administrative Agency.

When we handle complaints, we have the means of administrative control laid down in the Administrative Procedure Act at our disposal. We can provide administrative guidance to the municipality in the pilot area to help them correct any shortcomings. In connection with the supervision, we can also give a warning to the municipality of the pilot area or the official responsible for the incorrect operation.

The Regional State Administrative Agency can also use coercive measures if there are significant shortcomings in the organisation of services in the pilot area or the municipality participating in the trial, or if the activities are otherwise illegal.

We can give the municipality in the pilot area an order to correct or remove the shortcomings. If the municipality or region of the pilot area does not comply with the order, we may order the activities to be partly or completely suspended.  

Information on the municipal trials

The customers of the municipalities in pilot areas are unemployed and employed jobseekers and jobseekers currently using services promoting employment, who are living in a municipality that is participating in the trial, and who:

  • do not meet the requirements for receiving earnings-related unemployment benefit, i.e. they receive labour market support or basic unemployment allowance from Kela,

  • are less than 30 years old; or

  • are immigrants (nationality other than Finnish) or foreign-language speakers (native language other than Finnish, Swedish or Sámi).

Even if the jobseeker’s search for work has ended, the jobseeker will become a customer again if they later start looking for work again during the trial.

The municipal trials on employment involve 118 municipalities which form 25 pilot areas.

  1. Municipal trials on employment in Espoo: Espoo
  2. Municipal trials on employment in the Southern Ostrobothnia region: Alavus, Isojoki, Karijoki, Kurikka, Kauhajoki, Teuva and Soini
  3. Municipal trials on employment in Helsinki: Helsinki
  4. Municipal trials on employment in Hämeenlinna: Hämeenlinna, Hattula, Janakkala
  5. Municipal trials on employment in the Joensuu region: Joensuu, Outokumpu, Liperi, Polvijärvi, Kontiolahti
  6. Municipal trials on employment in Jyväskylä: Jyväskylä, Laukaa, Muurame, Äänekoski
  7. Municipal trials on employment in Jämsä-Keuruu-Saarijärvi: Jämsä, Keuruu, Saarijärvi
  8. Municipal trials on employment in Kainuu: Hyrynsalmi, Kajaani, Kuhmo, Sotkamo, Suomusalmi, Paltamo, Ristijärvi
  9. Municipal trials on employment in the Kokkola region: Kokkola, Kannus, Perho, Kaustinen, Veteli, Halsua, Toholampi, Lestijärvi
  10. Municipal trials on employment in Kuopio: Kuopio, Iisalmi, Lapinlahti, Siilinjärvi, Sonkajärvi, Vieremä
  11. Municipal trials on employment in the Lahti region: Lahti, Hollola, Asikkala, Kärkölä, Orimattila
  12. Municipal trials on employment in the Mikkeli region: Mikkeli, Juva, Hirvensalmi, Mäntyharju, Kangasniemi, Puumala, Pertunmaa
  13. Municipal trials on employment in the Oulu region: Oulu, Hailuoto, Ii, Kempele, Liminka, Lumijoki, Tyrnävä, Muhos
  14. Municipal trials on employment in Pirkanmaa: Tampere, Akaa, Hämeenkyrö, Ikaalinen, Juupajoki, Kangasala, Kihniö, Lempäälä, Mänttä-Vilppula, Nokia, Orivesi, Parkano, Pirkkala, Punkalaidun, Pälkäne, Ruovesi, Sastamala, Urjala, Valkeakoski, Vesilahti, Virrat, Ylöjärvi
  15. Municipal trials on employment in the Pori region: Pori, Kokemäki, Ulvila
  16. Municipal trials on employment in Porvoo: Porvoo
  17. Municipal trials on employment in the Raahe region: Raahe, Pyhäjoki, Siikajoki
  18. Municipal trials on employment in Raseborg and Hanko: Raseborg, Hanko
  19. Municipal trials on employment in the Rovaniemi region: Rovaniemi, Tornio, Kemijärvi, Sodankylä
  20. Municipal trials on employment in the Salo region: Salo, Marttila, Koski Tl
  21. Municipal trials on employment in Savonlinna: Savonlinna
  22. Municipal trials on employment in Seinäjoki and Ilmajoki: Seinäjoki, Ilmajoki
  23. Municipal trials on employment in the Turku region: Turku, Laitila, Paimio, Sauvo, Uusikaupunki
  24. Municipal trials on employment in Vantaa and Kerava: Vantaa, Kerava
  25. Municipal trials on employment in the Ylivieska region: Ylivieska, Alavieska, Kalajoki, Merijärvi, Oulainen

Municipalities in the pilot areas have an obligation to provide sufficient statutory services to ensure the functioning of the labour market, the availability of skilled labour and to promote the integration of immigrants in a manner that ensures the equality of its customers.

During the municipal trials on employment, municipalities in the pilot regions will organise the following employment and business services:

  • employment services
  • information and advisory services
  • vocational and career guidance.

The municipality of the pilot area can guide its customers to

  • expert evaluations
  • coaching
  • trials
  • labour market training.

A municipality in the pilot area grants, on behalf of the State,

  • pay subsidies
  • start-up grants
  • discretionary expense allowances.

The municipality in the pilot area may decide

  • on the prerequisites for granting unemployment benefits to support a jobseeker’s independent studies
  • on the prerequisites for supporting an immigrant's independent studies.

Alongside the TE Office, the municipality of the pilot area may

  • publish vacancies and notify jobseekers of them in accordance with the employer's instructions and introduce jobseekers to employers.

In addition, the municipalities in the pilot areas carry out the tasks referred to in the Act on cross-sectoral joint service promoting employment and the Act on Rehabilitative Work.

A municipality in the pilot area is responsible for organising services and procedures for its customers in accordance with the Act on the Promotion of Immigrant Integration.

When providing public employment and business services, the municipality in the pilot area must comply with the provisions laid down in the Act on Public Employment and Business Service regarding the provision of services, free services, fairness and equality, and the promotion of equality between genders.

The municipality in the pilot area gives its customers the following types of labour policy statements:

  1. statement on the general labour policy conditions for receiving unemployment benefits,
  2. statement on the prerequisites for receiving unemployment benefits when starting a business and becoming self-employed and during short-term studies,
  3. statement on the jobseeker's participation in a service promoting employment and the inclusion of the service promoting employment in the employment plan that is prepared with the jobseeker
  4. statement on the proven interruption of the jobseeker's studies when they were supported by an unemployment benefit and the prerequisites for supporting the jobseeker’s independent studies with an unemployment benefit, and
  5. statement on the support period for studies referred to in the Act on the Promotion of Immigrant Integration, the immigrant's obligations and the monitoring and interruption of studies.

Other labour policy statements are issued by the TE Office. To be able to give a statement, the municipality in the pilot area:

  • informs the TE Office of the necessary information,
  • asks the jobseeker for a clarification if necessary and submits it to the TE Office, and
  • informs the payer of the unemployment benefit of clarifying the matter. The payer will consider whether the payment of the benefit should be suspended for the time that the matter is being processed to avoid overpayment.

Jobseekers in the customer groups of the municipal trial on employment will be transferred to be customers of the municipal trials.

The TE Office will notify the jobseeker of this as well as the municipality of the pilot area to which the jobseeker will be transferred.

In an individual case, the TE Office might not transfer a customer to the municipal trial for the following reasons:

  • safeguarding the customer's linguistic rights
  • avoiding a customer relationship that does not serve the customer’s benefit; or
  • other justified reasons.

The customer's situation and personal circumstances may change during the municipal experiment. For example, a customer might have to stay outside of their municipality of residence for long periods because they are receiving medical treatment elsewhere. If the customer is not satisfied with the official responsible for their affairs, it is not considered to be an obstacle for the transfer.

A TE Office may transfer a person to be a customer at another TE Office or a municipality in the pilot area that is not their municipality of residence if:

  1. the customer requests it,
  2. the transfer is necessary to safeguard the customer's linguistic rights, to avoid an inappropriate customer relationship from the customer's perspective, or for a justified reason related to the customer's safety; and
  3. the transfer does not jeopardise the customer's ability to receive the services that they need.

When a TE Office transfers a person to a customer at a municipality other than their own, it needs approval for the transfer from the municipality to which the customer requests the transfer.

An unemployed jobseeker has the right to get an employment plan or a corresponding plan.

The employment plan or a corresponding plan is based on the jobseeker's own goals for work or training and the estimated need for services.

The plan includes agreements on looking for work and its goals, the public employment and business services that the customer needs, and other services promoting employment as well as expert evaluations. If necessary, the plan includes agreements on other services that improve competence, labour market skills and ability to work and function, or measures related to examining work ability or health.

The municipality in the pilot area will prepare an employment plan or a corresponding plan together with the unemployed jobseeker during an interview with them. The employment plan must be reviewed during the interview with the jobseeker or at the jobseeker's request.

The municipality of the pilot area will prepare for its customers:

1) an employment plan in accordance with the Act on public employment and business services,

2) a multidisciplinary employment plan, in accordance with the Act on cross-sectoral joint service promoting employment,

3) an activation plan in accordance with the Act on Rehabilitative Work and

4) an integration plan for an unemployed jobseeker under the Act on the Promotion of Immigrant Integration.

The general obligations of a jobseeker who is a customer of a municipality in the pilot area are:

  1. Apply for work and education.
  2. Participate in interviews organised by the municipality of the pilot area.
  3. Participate in the preparation and revision of an employment plan or a corresponding plan.
  4. Carry out the steps listed in the employment plan or corresponding plan.
  5. Inform the municipality of the pilot area of how they have started following the plan within the agreed time limits and in the agreed manner.
  6. Seek services agreed upon in the employment plan that support the job search and promote labour market capacity and employment.

Links to legal texts