Animal transport authorisations
It is our job to also ensure animal welfare during transport. Commercial animal transport is subject to stricter animal welfare requirements than non-commercial transport.
About animal transport authorisations
There are two kinds of authorisations: one for short journeys of less than eight hours and one for long journeys of more than eight hours. A single authorisation can cover multiple drivers, who must all be certified to transport live animals. A single authorisation can also cover multiple approved vehicles.
In the context of commercial animal transport, both organisers and transporters need authorisation from the competent Regional State Administrative Agency. The objective is to ensure the welfare of animals during transport.
Commercial animal transport refers to
- transport connected to commercial activity or
- transport that directly or indirectly involves or aims at a financial gain.
A journey satisfies the definition of commercial animal transport even if the person who is set to make a financial gain is not the transporter but, for example, the owner of the animals. You therefore also need a transport authorisation if, for example, you train racehorses for a friend and it is your job to drive the horses to the racecourse.
Regardless of the commercial or non-commercial nature of your operation, no animal transport authorisation is required
- for transporting animals over a distance of no more than 65 kilometres from the place of departure to the place of destination;
- for transporting your own animals in your own means of transport over a distance of less than 50 km or for seasonal transhumance purposes due to geographical circumstances (e.g. taking your sheep to graze on an island for the summer or moving reindeer between pastures); or
- for transporting animals directly to or from veterinary practices or clinics under the advice of a veterinarian.
You can be authorised to transport animals as long as
- your animal transport vehicle and equipment satisfy the relevant legal requirements, including any special requirements applicable to vehicles used on long journeys;
- your procedures comply with the relevant laws;
- your drivers have valid certificates of competence for transporting horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and poultry or, if other species of animals are to be transported, are able to demonstrate that they have received appropriate training; and
- neither you nor your representatives have violated animal protection laws in the three years preceding the date of your application.
Animal transport authorisations are valid for five years. Certificates of competence are valid until the certificate holder’s 70th birthday and at the competent Regional State Administrative Agency’s discretion thereafter. Certificates of approval issued for vehicles used on long journeys are valid for five years.
- Find out whether you need authorisation for a short journey (less than 8 hours) or a long journey (more than 8 hours).
- Familiarise yourself with the criteria for authorisation and make sure that you have all the necessary certificates and evidence.
- Book your vehicles in for prior inspection through your nearest Regional State Administrative Agency to get a certificate of approval.
- Make arrangements to get your drivers certified. To get a certificate of competence, your drivers must pass an examination set by the Finnish Food Authority. Some training programmes include the examination as standard. Drivers who have passed the examination can apply for their certificate from the competent Regional State Administrative Agency.
Send your application form and supporting documents to the registry of your nearest Regional State Administrative Agency. A link to the contact information of Regional State Administrative Agencies’ registries is provided at the bottom of this page.
Once you have received your authorisation from the Regional State Administrative Agency, you can begin to transport animals on a commercial basis.
Make sure to comply with the terms of your authorisation and to meet any deadlines specified therein. Remember to let us know of any material changes.
A certificate of competence can be issued to a person who has completed training pursuant to the European Animal Transport Regulation and passed an examination of competence. The certificate covers horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and poultry. In respect of other species of animals, proof of training is sufficient.
Training is provided by various veterinary schools around the country. Both the required training and the examination of competence are included in some courses in, for example, equine studies. Individuals whose studies included the relevant training and examination can apply for a certificate of competence from their nearest Regional State Administrative Agency without taking the Finnish Food Authority’s examination.
Certificates of competence can only be issued to individuals who have passed an examination of competence. Regional State Administrative Agencies hold examinations of competence several times a year. Examinees need to specify the species of animals that they want to be examined on when they book their examination.
Individuals who pass the examination can then apply for a certificate of competence from their nearest Regional State Administrative Agency.
Authorised animal transporters need to have their vehicles inspected and approved before they can be used to transport animals. Once you have submitted your application for authorisation to us, your Regional Veterinary Officer will contact you to agree on a suitable time for an inspection of your vehicles.
The requirements for vehicles depend on the species of animals that you intend to transport. Whether you intend to use the vehicles on short (less than 8 hours) or long (more than 8 hours) journeys also affects the requirements. Take all the equipment that you intend to use in your vehicles with you to the inspection facility, and make sure that all your systems and tools work as intended.
Transporter authorisation for one vehicle: EUR 370
Transporter authorisation for multiple vehicles: EUR 680
Certificate of approval for a vehicle: EUR 205
Certificate of approval in connection with a revised authorisation: EUR 115 per vehicle
Certificate of competence: EUR 78
Frequently asked questions
You must notify the Regional State Administrative Agency that issued your authorisation of any material changes in your operation (e.g. you change vehicles or your contact details change) within 15 working days of the change.
Competent enforcement authorities in Finland include Regional State Administrative Agencies, the Finnish Food Authority, local authority veterinary officers, veterinary inspectors, veterinary border control officers and the Police.
Commercial animal transporters must have their transporter authorisation and certificate of competence as well as the certificate of authorisation issued by the Regional State Administrative Agency with them in the vehicle at all times. Having pictures of the documents on, for example, the driver’s smartphone or tablet is also acceptable. Transport laws stipulate that drivers also carry documentation showing the origin of the animals and their owner, the start date and time of the journey, the place of departure and the place of destination.
Commercial animal transport vehicles can be pulled over for checks at any time without any particular reason. Other animal transport vehicles can be stopped if something seems amiss.